James Monroe

James Monroe

  • Ranked #12.: Acquired Florida, settle boundary disputes with Great Britain and created the Monroe Doctrine. Introduced "The Era of Good Feelings." Monroe continued the successful policies of Thomas Jefferson.
  • Summary: He had the ability to make people feel at ease, with his warm personality, courtesy, frankness, goodness and kindness of heart. At the same time, he was not known for intelligence and was often sensitive to criticism even when none was intended. In most all cases, he would bottle up his feelings as opposed to lashing out at critics.
  • Bio: He was considered the last of the Revolutionary War veterans. He was also a member of the Virginia Assembly and the Continental Congress, was a US Senator, the Minister to France, Governor of Virginia, Minister to Great Britain, Secretary of State, Secretary of War and wound up as the next guy in line to replace James Madison. He was heavily supported by Thomas Jefferson. Although he beat a worthy opponent for his first term, his re-election literately had no opponents at all. He got all but one electoral vote.
    is success in politics came from the fact that he worked really hard and took measured steps to reach his goals. He was a deliberate thinker and had the ability to look at issues from all sides, encouraging debate from his advisers. He was the type of administrator that surrounded himself with able-minded people and gave them the leverage to make decisions. President Monroe was a great advocate of nationalism and reached out to all the regions of the country. In foreign policy, he put the nation on an independent course, no longer tied to the mast of European policy. Monroe's aggressive and successful conduct of foreign policy undoubtedly strengthened the presidency itself.
    His retirement was not as easy. He started out $75,000 in debt after leaving the White House. He managed to get a portion of his back pay after pressing Congress. After his wife died, he went to live with his daughter and son in law in New York City. He never had a chance to finish his memoirs. On July 4, 1831, Monroe developed a cough and over the course of the day gradually became weaker until his body couldn't take it anymore. He was the third President to die on July 4th, just five years to the day that John Adams and Thomas Jefferson died.
  • Pros: Was extremely qualified for the position based on experience. Had a strong cabinet working with him. Through him, the country became less reliant on Europe.
  • Cons: Owned a heck of a lot of slaves. Tried to ship free African Americans to Liberia.
  • Born: April 28, 1758, Westmoreland County, Virginia
  • Died: July 4, 1831 (aged 73) New York City, New York
  • Term: March 4, 1817 to March 3, 1825 (2 terms)
  • Political Party: Democratic-Republican
  • Religion: Episcopalian
  • Education: College of William and Mary (graduated 1776)
  • Marriage: February 16, 1786, to Elizabeth Kortright (1768–1830)
  • Children: Eliza Kortright (1786–1835), James Spence (1799–1800), Maria Hester (1803–1850)
  • Career: Lawyer
  • Vice President: Daniel D. Tompkins